黄任之,John R.Z.Abela,Fallyn Leibovitch.个人主义-集体主义量表中文版的主要维度和效度[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2014,27(1):1-6.
个人主义-集体主义量表中文版的主要维度和效度
Key dimensions and validity of the Chinese version of the Individualism-Collectivism Scale
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  个人主义  集体主义  文化  中国学生
英文关键词:Individualism  Collectivism  Culture  Chinese Students
基金项目:
作者单位
黄任之 湖南第一师范学院教育科学系 
John R.Z.Abela 加拿大蒙特利尔 McGill University 心理系 
Fallyn Leibovitch 加拿大蒙特利尔 McGill University 心理系 
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中文摘要:
      目的 修订个人主义-集体主义量表的中文版(the Chinese version of the Individualism-Collectivism Scale,ICS-C),并对其测量学的特征进行评估.方法 英文原版的ICS首先被翻译成中文后,再进行回译,确保内容一致,然后对5个年龄组的1760名青少年被试施测.结果 ICS-C内部一致性信度Cronbach's α系数为0.64~0.83,用ICCs指标的重测信度为0.45~0.80,四因素模型的验证性因素分析结果发现,四因素模型与数据吻合最好.结果支持了多维度的个人主义和集体主义,多因素方差分析的结果显示,存在显著的年龄和性别差异.在社会维度的主观知觉上,随着年龄的增长有一个递增趋势.在性别差异上,女生在垂直集体主义上的得分高于男生(P<0.05).结论 个人主义-集体主义量表的中文版具有良好的信度和效度.
英文摘要:
      Objective A Chinese version of the Individualism -Collectivism Scale (ICS) to assess cultural dimensions was de- veloped and its psychometric properties were evaluated. Methods The English version of the ICS was translated and back translated prior to its administration to 1760 participants who were divided into 5 age groups. Results Results indicated that the ICS - C exhibi- ted moderate to high internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranging from 0.64 to 0.83. The ICS - C also exhibited strong test - retest reliability with ICCs from 0.45 to 0.80. Confirmatory factor Analyses found the four - factor model was the best fit of the data across gender and age, thus supporting the multi - dimensional perspective of horizontal and vertical individualism and collec- tivism. Furthermore, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed a significant main effect of age and gender. A gradual increase is present in subjective perception of societal emphasis on the cultural dimensions across five age groups, except age groups of 14 - 15 and 16 ~ 17 in vertical individualism. With respect to gender effect, female students showed a higher perception of the vertical collectivism than male students ( P 〈 0.05 ). Conclusion The results revealed that sufficient support for the reliability and validity of the chinese version of ICS.
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