任华,秦小荣,李慧,欧阳艾莅.成都市精神卫生服务资源五年发展分析[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2019,32(6):536-539.
成都市精神卫生服务资源五年发展分析
Analysis on the five-year development of mental health service resources in Chengdu
投稿时间:2019-01-02  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20190102002
中文关键词:  精神卫生医疗机构  资源调查  现况调查
英文关键词:Mental health medical institutions  Resource survey  Current survey
基金项目:成都市卫计委医学科研课题 2016006 成都市卫计委医学科研课题(2016006)
作者单位E-mail
任华 成都市第四人民医院  
秦小荣 成都市第四人民医院 851204262@qq.com 
李慧 成都市第四人民医院  
欧阳艾莅 成都市第四人民医院  
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中文摘要:
      目的 对比分析2012年及2017年成都市精神卫生资源,了解成都市精神卫生医疗机构建设发展的现状和问题,为制定下一步精神卫生体系、人力和服务发展规划提供参考。 方法 于2018年1月-3月,采用成都市精神卫生资源调查表对2017年成都市行政区域内精神卫生医疗机构的床位、人力资源、业务开展情况等进行调查。 结果 2017年成都市实有开设精神科并开展业务的医疗机构共60家,编制床位数4 503张,床位密度3.14张/万人,分别较2012年增长了43.73%、17.60%;实有床位数9 647张,床位密度为6.65张/万人,分别较2012年增长了82.09%、47.12%。2017年成都市精神卫生医疗机构有精神科医生677人(4.71人/每10万人)、精神科护士1 511人(10.53人/每10万人),分别较2012年增长了2.17%、5.94%。2017年成都市精神科共接收门诊患者792 874人次,住院患者43 981人次,分别较2012年增长了76.09%、78.08%。平均每名精神科医生年负担门诊患者1 171人次、住院患者65人次,分别较2012年增长了40.75%、41.30%。 结论 与2012年相比,2017年成都市的精神卫生医疗机构数量急增;精神科开放床位数量已可以满足中等需求,精神科医疗服务量明显增加,但精神科医护人员并无明显增长。
英文摘要:
      Objective To find out the current situation and problems of mental health institutions construction and development through comparing and analyzing the mental health resources of Chengdu between 2012 and 2017. It was aimed to provide references for the development of the mental health systems, human resources and services allocation. Methods From January to March 2018, the questionnaire of mental health resources in Chengdu was adopted to investigate the beds, human resources and proceeding situation of mental health medical institutions of Chengdu in 2017. Results In 2017, there were 60 mental health institutions providing psychiatric health services with 4503 authorized inpatient beds( 3.14 beds per 10 000 people), which indicated an increase of 43.73% and 17.60% respectively compared with 2012. The number of actual beds was 9 647 (6.65 per 10 000 people) with an increase of 82.09% and 47.12% respectively compared with 2012. In 2017, there were 677 psychiatric doctors (4.71 per 100 000 people) and 1 511 psychiatric nurses (10.53 per 100 000 people) in mental health institutions in Chengdu increased by 2.17% and 5.94% respectively compared with 2012. In 2017, a total of 792 874 outpatient patients and 43 981 inpatients were received in the psychiatric department of Chengdu with respectively increase of 76.09% and 78.08% compared with 2012. On average, each psychiatric practitioner had an annual burden of 1 171 outpatient clinics and 65 inpatients with respectively increase of 40.75% and 41.30% compared with 2012. Conclusion Compared with 2012, the number of mental health institutions in Chengdu has increased in 2017. The number of psychiatric open beds has been able to meet the medium demand. The amount of psychiatric medical services increased significantly, but there is no significant increase in psychiatric medical staff.
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