范箬馨,杨先梅,黄明金,文红.新冠肺炎疫情防控中基层精防医护人员心理健康状况及需求调查[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,33(3):207-210.
新冠肺炎疫情防控中基层精防医护人员心理健康状况及需求调查
Investigation of the mental health status and needs of primary mental health medical staff in the prevention and control of COVID-19
投稿时间:2020-02-25  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200225005
中文关键词:  基层精防医护人员  新冠肺炎  心理健康状态  心理服务需求
英文关键词:Primary mental health medical staff  COVID-19  Mental health  Psychological service need
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
范箬馨 四川省精神卫生中心·绵阳市第三人民医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
杨先梅 四川省精神卫生中心·绵阳市第三人民医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
黄明金 四川省精神卫生中心·绵阳市第三人民医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
文红 四川省精神卫生中心·绵阳市第三人民医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查在新冠肺炎疫情防控中基层精防医护人员的心理健康状况和物质及心理需求,为对基层精防医护人员给予心理危机干预服务提供参考。方法 于2020年1月25日-2月8日采用简单随机抽样选取150名基层精防医护人员为研究对象并进行网络问卷调查。调查内容包括一般人口学资料、工作时长、疲劳程度、睡眠情况及心理服务需求;采用凯斯勒心理困扰量表(K6)调查基层精防医护人员的心理健康状况。结果 K6评定结果显示,108人(75.00%)感到紧张,66人(45.83%)感到烦躁不安,85人(59.03%)的睡眠受到影响;6人(4.17%)的K6评分≥13分,但这6人中无一人认为自己需要心理调适;基层精防医护人员的需求前两位分别为:110人(76.39%)需要防护物资,105人(72.91%)选择适当休假;在出现心理危机时,72人(50.00%)选择自我调节。结论 在疫情爆发初期,多数基层精防医护人员感到紧张并出现睡眠问题。近一半被调查者在出现心理问题时,更倾向于选择自我调节而不是寻求专业帮助。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the mental state, psychological needs and equipment demands of primary mental health medical staff during the control and prevention of COVID-19, and to provide references for the psychological crisis intervention for the primary mental health medical staff.Methods From January 25, 2020 to February 8, 2020, 150 primary mental health medical staff were enrolled using simple random sampling methods, and all the selected subjects completed an online questionnaire survey. The survey included general demographic information, working hours, degree of fatigue, sleep quality and psychological needs, moreover, the mental health status of the medical staff was assessed by Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6).Results The K6 results showed that 108 (75.00%) cases developed intensive status, 66 (45.83%) felt agitation, and 85 (59.03%) had sleep problems. 6 participants (4.17%) scored above 13 in K6 scale, but none of them required psychological help. The first two demands of the medical staff were protective equipments and work break, accounting for 76.39% (110) and 72.91% (105), respectively. 72 cases (50.00%) adopted self-regulation to respond to psychological crisis.Conclusion During the early phase of COVID-19 outbreak, the majority of participants report to have psychological stress and poor sleep quality, and nearly half of the participants are more inclined to self-regulate when coping with psychological problems than seeking professional help.
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