王佳丽,邓建军,李庆安.新冠肺炎疫情下大学生情绪适应性实验[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,(5):391-397.
新冠肺炎疫情下大学生情绪适应性实验
A experimental study of the COVID-19 stressing on emotion adaptation among undergraduate students
投稿时间:2020-07-29  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200729001
中文关键词:  COVID-19疫情压力  领悟社会支持  抑郁  焦虑
英文关键词:COVID-19 stressing  Perceived social support  Depression  Anxiety
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王佳丽 内蒙古鸿德文理学院内蒙古 呼和浩特 010017 010017
邓建军 内蒙古鸿德文理学院内蒙古 呼和浩特 010017
北京师范大学心理学部北京 100875 
100875
李庆安 北京师范大学心理学部北京 100875 100875
摘要点击次数:
全文下载次数:
中文摘要:
      目的 考察新冠肺炎(COVID-19)疫情压力对大学生抑郁、焦虑的影响及领悟社会支持的中介和调节机制。方法 通过线上平台招募3 219名大学生完成COVID-19压力问卷、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS);选取其中160名大学生,通过语义启动法操纵领悟社会支持水平,进一步分析领悟社会支持对疫情压力与抑郁、焦虑关系的调节效应。结果 ①各变量在性别上差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);疫情压力在各年龄组差异有统计意义(P<0.01);城市大学生的疫情压力、抑郁、焦虑水平与乡村大学生比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);强制隔离大学生的疫情压力、抑郁水平与居家隔离者比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05或0.01)。②疫情压力与领悟社会支持、抑郁、焦虑水平均呈正相关(r=0.158~0.235,P均<0.01);领悟社会支持与抑郁、焦虑呈负相关(r=-0.312、-0.210,P均<0.01)。③领悟社会支持能负向预测抑郁(t=-32.986,P<0.01)、焦虑(t=-24.437,P<0.01)。④领悟社会支持在疫情压力与抑郁、焦虑之间具有部分中介作用(Effect=-0.044、-0.031,P均<0.01)。⑤领悟社会支持仅对疫情压力与抑郁的关系具有调节效应(β=0.163,P<0.01)。结论 疫情压力会影响大学生抑郁、焦虑水平,领悟社会支持对疫情压力的负性作用起缓冲作用,并能调节疫情压力与抑郁的关系,然而对疫情压力与焦虑关系却没有显著调节效应,进一步表明焦虑与人际支持系统没有紧密联系。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the relationships between COVID-19 stressing and depression, anxiety, and the influences mechanism of perceived social support in the links.Methods A sample of 3 219 undergraduate students were recruited to complete the questionnaire and scales online, including COVID-19-Stressing Questionnaire, Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). And 160 students of them were enrolled to examine the mediation role of perceived social support in the relation of COVID-19 stressing, depression and anxiety by asking participants to read priming stories.Results ①There were differences between males and females in each variable (P<0.01). COVID-19 stressing showed significant difference among different age groups (P<0.01). Stressing, depression and anxiety levels yielded a difference between urban students and rural students (P<0.01). There were differences between enforced isolation and home isolation in stressing and depression (P<0.05 or 0.01). ②COVID-19 stressing had a positive correlation with perceived social support, depression and anxiety (r=0.158~0.235, P<0.01), meanwhile, perceived social support showed a negative correlation with depression and anxiety (r=-0.312、-0.210, P<0.01). ③The perceived social support had a negative prediction on depression and anxiety. ④Perceived social support mediated the relationship between COVID-19 stressing and depression and anxiety (Effect=-0.044, -0.031, P<0.01). ⑤Perceived social support moderated the link of COVID-19 stressing and depression (β=0.163, P<0.01).Conclusion The current research demonstrates that the COVID-19 stressing has an impact on perceived social support, depression and anxiety, and perceived social support can induce the negative effect of COVID-19 stressing on undergraduate students. In addition, perceived social support can regulate the relationship between COVID-19 stressing and depression, but it has no significant regulatory effect on the relationship between epidemic stress and anxiety, which further indicates that the anxiety is irrelevant to the interpersonal support.
查看全文  HTML  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭