张玲,宋妍,陆昶谋,鄢利福,何梅,蒋春雷.新冠肺炎疫情下失眠人群心理特征及失眠的相关因素[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,(5):411-413.
新冠肺炎疫情下失眠人群心理特征及失眠的相关因素
Investigation on the psychological characteristics and related factors of residents suffered insomnia during the COVID-19 epidemic
投稿时间:2020-05-22  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200522003
中文关键词:  新冠肺炎  失眠  心理特征  相关因素
英文关键词:COVID-19  Insomnia  Psychological characteristics  Related factors
基金项目:广西壮族自治区临床重点专科建设项目(项目编号:桂卫医发〔2018〕6号)
作者单位邮编
张玲 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
宋妍 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
陆昶谋 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
鄢利福 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
何梅 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
蒋春雷 南宁市第五人民医院广西 南宁 530001 530001
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查新冠肺炎疫情下失眠人群的心理特征及失眠的相关因素,为改善失眠人群心理健康状况提供参考。方法 采用阿森斯失眠量表(AIS)于2020年1月-3月对某市居民进行测评,AIS评分>6分者为失眠组(n=216),AIS评分<4分者为非失眠组(n=105),采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)对两组居民进行评定,并收集其社会人口学资料。结果 失眠组SCL-90的躯体化、人际关系敏感、敌对、恐怖及精神病性因子评分均高于非失眠组(Z=2.035~2.323,P均<0.05)。Spearman相关分析显示,失眠组AIS总评分与SCL-90的强迫症状、人际关系敏感及偏执因子评分均呈正相关(r=0.153、0.140、0.159,P均<0.05)。结论 新冠肺炎疫情下,失眠人群存在躯体化、人际关系敏感、敌对、恐怖及精神病性等心理问题,其失眠的严重程度与强迫、人际关系敏感及偏执等相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the psychological characteristics and related factors of residents suffered insomnia during the COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide references for improving their mental health status.Methods From January to March 2020, residents of a certain city were evaluated using Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), and divided into two groups according to the assessment results, namely, insomnia group (n=216, AIS score > 6) and non-insomnia group (n=105, AIS score <4). The psychological status of all selected individuals was assessed by Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), and social demographic data were also collected.Results The scores of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, terror and psychoticism factors in SCL-90 were higher in insomnia group than those in non-insomnia group (Z=2.035~2.323, P<0.05). Within insomnia group, the total score of AIS was positively correlated with the scores of obsessive-compulsive behaviour, interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation in SCL-90 (r=0.153, 0.140, 0.159, P<0.05).Conclusion During the COVID-19 epidemic, insomnia residents suffer from psychological problems such as somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, terror and psychoticism, and the severity of insomnia is closely related to psychological problems such as obsessive-compulsive behaviour, interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation.
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