黄任之,李则宣.女大学生心理资本发展水平对其职业成熟和创业能力的影响[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,(5):457-461.
女大学生心理资本发展水平对其职业成熟和创业能力的影响
Influence of the development level of psychological capital on career maturity and entrepreneurship ability of female college students
投稿时间:2020-08-02  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200802002
中文关键词:  女大学生  心理资本  职业成熟  创业能力
英文关键词:Female college students  Psychological capital  Career maturity  Entrepreneurship ability
基金项目:湖南社会科学基金项目(项目名称:优秀辅导员的人格特征和心理资本研究,项目编号:14YBA121);湖南第一师范学院教改课题(项目名称:指向拔尖人才培养:“表达性艺术治疗”的金课建设与实践探索,项目编号:XYS20J18)
作者单位邮编
黄任之 湖南第一师范学院湖南 长沙 410205 410205
李则宣 湖南第一师范学院湖南 长沙 410205
中南大学湘雅二医院湖南 长沙 410011 
410011
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中文摘要:
      目的 探索女大学生心理资本发展水平对其职业成熟和创业能力的影响,为提升女大学生的心理资本和就业实力提供参考。方法 2017年9月采用整群抽样方法以班级为单位在湖南、四川、新疆、山西4省的8所高校抽取2 136名大四女生为研究对象,采用心理资本量表(PCQ)、职业成熟量表(CMS)和创业能力自评量表(SES)进行评定。结果 女大学生的PCQ、CMS和SES总评分分别为(3.73±1.06)分、(3.58±0.87)分、(3.66±0.96)分,且存在专业、是否担任干部和实习经验等因素上的差异(F=12.56、5.50、9.13,P均<0.05),三个量表评分的主效应都具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。女大学生的PCQ评分与CMS、SES评分均呈正相关(r=0.60、0.62,P均<0.05)。多元回归分析结果显示,心理资本可以解释51.0%职业成熟和41.0%创业能力的变异。结论 心理资本发展水平对职业成熟和创业能力有较好的正向预测作用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the development level of female college students' psychological capital, and to evaluate how psychological capital affects their career maturity and entrepreneurial ability, so as to provide references for improving female college students' psychological capital and employment strength in the future.Methods In September 2017, a total of 2 136 senior female students were selected from 8 universities in Hunan, Sichuan, Xinjiang and Shanxi provinces by cluster sampling method. The students were assessed with the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ), Career Maturity Scale (CMS) and Self-rating Entrepreneurship Scale (SES).Results The total scores of psychological capital, career maturity and entrepreneurship of female college students were (3.73±1.06), (3.58±0.87) and (3.66±0.96), respectively. The three main effects were of statistical significance, and there were differences in external factors such as specialty, experiences as student cadres and practice experience (F=12.56, 5.50, 9.13,P<0.05). PCQ score of female college students was positively correlated with CMS and SES score (r=0.60,0.62,P<0.05). The results of multiple regression analysis show that psychological capital can explain the variation of 51.0% career maturity and 41.0% entrepreneurial ability.Conclusion Psychological capital has a good positive predictive effect on career maturity and entrepreneurship of female college students.
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