吴辉,余佳,阿怀红,张发斌,张秀琴,马晓霞,玛乃本,李军峰,王小盾,肖玉兰,邵鑫,张陈茜,桑杰加,辛晓光,张斌,刘帅.青海省各民族大学生失眠现状及其与人格特征的关系[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,(4):354-359.
青海省各民族大学生失眠现状及其与人格特征的关系
Current situation of insomnia and its relationship with personality characteristics among college students of various nationalities in Qinghai
投稿时间:2020-05-27  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200527001
中文关键词:  失眠  人格  民族  大学生  青海
英文关键词:Insomnia  Personality  Nationality  College students  Qinghai
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(项目名称:手机屏幕光暴露对睡眠、昼夜节律和认知功能的影响及机制探索,项目编号:81901348);中国睡眠研究会豪森项目(项目名称:手机屏幕光暴露对睡眠、昼夜节律和认知功能的影响及其机制,项目编号:2019HSC03);2020年青海省卫生健康系统重点课题(项目名称:高海拔地区不同民族大学生睡眠影响因素的研究,项目编号:2020-wjzd-06)
作者单位邮编
吴辉 青海省第三人民医院青海 西宁 810007 810007
余佳 攀枝花市第三人民医院四川 攀枝花 617061 617061
阿怀红 青海省第三人民医院青海 西宁 810007 810007
张发斌 青海大学青海 西宁 810016 810016
张秀琴 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007 810007
马晓霞 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007 810007
玛乃本 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007 810007
李军峰 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007
河北地质大学河北 石家庄 050030 
050030
王小盾 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007
天津大学天津 300350 
300350
肖玉兰 青海民族大学青海 西宁 810007 810007
邵鑫 聊城大学山东 聊城 252000
青海师范大学青海 西宁 810008 
810008
张陈茜 南方医科大学南方医院广东 广州 510515 510515
桑杰加 青海省第三人民医院青海 西宁 810007 810007
辛晓光 青海省第三人民医院青海 西宁 810007 810007
张斌 南方医科大学南方医院广东 广州 510515 510515
刘帅 南方医科大学南方医院广东 广州 510515 510515
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查青海省各民族大学生失眠现状及其与人格特征的关系,为青海省等高海拔、多民族地区大学生失眠问题进行有针对性的防控提供参考。方法 本研究为横断面调查,通过问卷星网络平台,对青海省三所高校的12 193名大学生进行问卷调查,采用失眠严重程度指数量表(ISI)、中国大五人格问卷极简版(CBF-PI-15)评估大学生的失眠情况和人格特征。结果 大学生ISI总评分为(6.77±4.43)分,检出4 706人(38.6%)存在失眠。回族、蒙古族大学生ISI总评分及失眠检出率均高于汉族大学生(P<0.0024或0.05)。相关分析结果显示,CBF-PI-15的神经质评分与各民族大学生ISI总评分均呈正相关(r=0.330~0.463,P均<0.01),而外向性评分与各民族大学生ISI总评分均呈负相关(r=-0.280~-0.183,P均<0.01)。回归分析结果显示,神经质进入各民族大学生失眠的回归方程(β=0.294~0.464,P均<0.01),严谨性、宜人性、外向性进入汉族、藏族等部分民族大学生失眠的回归方程(β=-0.129~-0.052,P均<0.01)。结论 青海省各民族大学生失眠状况存在差异,回族和蒙古族大学生失眠检出率偏高。神经质为各民族大学生失眠的危险因素,严谨性、宜人性、外向性是部分民族大学生失眠的保护因素。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the current situation of insomnia and its relationship with personality among college students of various nationalities in Qinghai, so as to provide a basis for the targeted prevention and control of insomnia among college students in high-altitude and multiracial areas such as Qinghai.Methods Based on a professional platform named 'Wenjuanxing', this cross-sectional study was conducted among 12 193 college students from three universities in Qinghai. The current situation of insomnia and personality characteristics of the selected college students were evaluated using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Chinese Big Five Personality Inventory-15 (CBF-PI-15).Results The ISI total score of college students was (6.77±4.43), and 4 706 (38.6%) of them suffered insomnia. Compared with students of Han nationality, college students of Hui or Mongolian nationality had significantly higher ISI total score and prevalence of insomnia (P<0.0024 or 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the neuroticism score in CBF-PI-15 was positively correlated with the ISI total score of college students of all nationalities (r=0.330~0.463, P<0.01), while the extroversion score was negatively correlated with the ISI total score of these nationalities (r=-0.280~-0.183, P<0.01). Linear regression showed that neuroticism entered into the regression equations for insomnia among college students of all nationalities (β=0.294~0.464, P<0.01), while conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion entered into the regression equations for insomnia among college students of some nationalities such as Han and Tibetan (β=-0.129~-0.052, P<0.01).Conclusion The current situation of insomnia varies among college students of different nationalities in Qinghai, and the prevalence rate of insomnia among Hui and Mongolian college students is high. Neuroticism is a risk factor for insomnia among college students of all nationalities, while conscientiousness, agreeableness, and extraversion are protective factors among students of some nationalities.
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