王亮,曾燕,唐毅,张勇.新冠肺炎疫情下非高风险地区孕妇焦虑状况调查[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(1):23-25.
新冠肺炎疫情下非高风险地区孕妇焦虑状况调查
Investigation on the anxiety status of pregnant women in non-high-risk areas during the COVID-19 epidemic
投稿时间:2020-08-21  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200821001
中文关键词:  新冠肺炎  孕妇  焦虑  广泛性焦虑量表
英文关键词:COVID-19  Pregnant woman  Anxiety  Generalized anxiety scale
基金项目:绵阳市卫生健康委员会 (项目名称:基于风险理论的突发公共卫生事件院内应急防控体系建立及应用-以新冠肺炎为例,项目编号:2020YJKY002)
作者单位邮编
王亮 绵阳市中心医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
曾燕 绵阳市中心医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
唐毅 绵阳市中心医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
张勇 绵阳市中心医院四川 绵阳 621000 621000
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨新冠肺炎(COVID-19)疫情期间非高风险地区孕妇的焦虑状况,为孕期保健心理干预提供参考。方法 2020年1月27日-2月6日,采用新型冠状病毒肺炎相关知识调查表及广泛性焦虑量表(GAD-7),调查疫情期间绵阳地区孕妇及非孕妇女的焦虑状况,以GAD-7评分≥5分视为存在焦虑症状。采用DPS 7.05对数据进行统计分析,以单因素试验完全随机设计进行方差分析,以LSD最小差数法进行多重比较。结果 孕妇GAD-7评分高于非孕妇女,差异具有统计学意义[(11.76±0.79)分vs.(7.04±1.14)分,P<0.01]。孕妇组中,有并发症者GAD-7评分高于无并发症者[(12.48±1.16)分vs.(6.32±1.09)分,P<0.01];初产妇GAD-7评分高于经产妇[(10.15±1.15)分vs.(8.72±0.97)分,P<0.05];21~30岁、31~40岁和41~50岁的孕妇GAD-7评分差异均具有统计学意义[(11.88±1.39)分vs.(8.80±0.84)分vs.(4.35±0.81)分,P<0.01]。结论 新冠肺炎疫情期间,非高风险地区孕妇比非孕妇女焦虑症状更严重,其中有并发症的孕妇、初产妇焦虑状况更为突出。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the anxiety status of pregnant women in non-high risk areas during the novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19), and to provide references for psychological intervention in pregnancy care.Methods From January 27 to February 6, 2020, COVID-19 related knowledge questionnaire and Generalized Anxiety Scale (GAD-7) were used to investigate the anxiety status of pregnant and non-pregnant women in Mianyang during the epidemic period. GAD-7 score≥5 was classified as anxiety symptoms. The data were statistically analyzed by DPS 7.05. Variance analysis was carried out by a completely random design of a single factor test, and multiple comparisons were performed using the LSD method.Results The GAD-7 score of pregnant women was higher than that of non-pregnant women, and the difference was statistically significant[(11.76±0.79) vs.(7.04±1.14), P<0.01]. In the pregnant women group, the GAD-7 score of the woman with complications was higher than that of the woman without complications[(12.48±1.16) vs.(6.32±1.09), P<0.01]. The GAD-7 score of primipara was higher than that of parturient[(10.15±1.15) vs.(8.72±0.97), P<0.05] and there were significant differences in GAD-7 scores among 21~30-year-old, 31~40-year-old and 41~50-year-old pregnant women[(11.88±1.39) vs.(8.80±0.84) vs.(4.35±0.81), P<0.01], respectively.Conclusion During the period of COVID-19, the anxiety symptoms of pregnant women in non-high-risk areas are more serious than those of non-pregnant women, among which the anxiety of pregnant women with complications and primiparae is more obvious.
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