任辉辉,钟琴,杨芳,江士兰,谭自豪,刘建军.新冠肺炎疫情下居民焦虑水平与中医护理需求的相关性[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(1):30-33.
新冠肺炎疫情下居民焦虑水平与中医护理需求的相关性
Correlation between anxiety level of residents and needs of traditional Chinese medicine nursing during the COVID-19 epidemic
投稿时间:2020-10-13  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20201013002
中文关键词:  新冠肺炎  居民  焦虑水平  中医护理
英文关键词:COVID-19  Residents  Anxiety level  TCM nursing
基金项目:江西中医药大学2020年校级“青年红色筑梦之旅”项目(项目名称:心灵郎中——新冠肺炎疫情下心理健康管理平台)
作者单位邮编
任辉辉 江西中医药大学护理学院江西 南昌 330004 330004
钟琴 江西中医药大学护理学院江西 南昌 330004 330004
杨芳 江西中医药大学护理学院江西 南昌 330004 330004
江士兰 江西中医药大学护理学院江西 南昌 330004 330004
谭自豪 郑州经贸学院建筑工程系河南 郑州 450000 450000
刘建军 江西中医药大学护理学院江西 南昌 330004 330004
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解新冠肺炎(COVID-19)疫情下居民焦虑水平及对中医护理需求的现状,并探讨两者的关系,为进一步维护居民心理健康提供参考。方法 采用便利抽样法选取560名居民为研究对象,通过网络问卷调查平台,采用自制一般资料调查表、广泛性焦虑障碍量表(GAD-7)、中医护理需求调查问卷进行调查,采用Spearman相关分析二者的相关性。结果 共回收有效问卷552份,GAD-7总评分为(11.04±3.72)分,各条目平均分为(1.58±0.53)分,无焦虑症状328人(59.4%),轻度焦虑180人(32.6%),中度焦虑33人(6.0%),重度焦虑11人(2.0%);居民对中医护理需求情况中,需求总评分为(21.59±7.92)分,中医疾病知识需求[(2.90±1.15)分]、中医膳食护理需求[(2.82±1.13)分]为居民主要护理需求。疫情下居民中医护理需求调查问卷各条目评分及总评分与GAD-7总评分均呈正相关(r=0.240~0.331,P均<0.01)。结论 新冠肺炎疫情期间,居民普遍出现不同程度的焦虑情绪,中医护理需求程度增加,居民焦虑水平与中医护理需求具有相关性。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the current situation of anxiety level and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) nursing needs among residents during the COVID-19 epidemic, and to discuss the relationship between them,so as to provide references for maintaining their mental health.Methods A total of 560 residents were recruited using convenience sampling method, and the selected individuals completed three questionnaires based on online platform, including self-designed general information questionnaire, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), and TCM nursing needs questionnaire. Then the correlation between anxiety level and TCM nursing needs was analyzed by Spearman correlation test.Results A total of 552 valid questionnaires were collected. The results of GAD-7 showed that the total score was (11.04±3.72), and average score of each item was (1.58±0.53). There were 328 cases (59.4%) without anxiety symptoms, 180 cases (32.6%) with mild anxiety, 33 cases (6.0%) with moderate anxiety, and 11 cases (2.0%) with severe anxiety. The analysis of TCM nursing needs questionnaire showed that the total score was (21.59±7.92), and dominated by the needs of medical knowledge (2.90±1.15) and TCM dietary care (2.82±1.13). The item score and total score of TCM nursing needs questionnaire of residents during the COVID-19 epidemic were positively correlated with GAD-7 total score (r=0.240~0.331, P<0.01).Conclusion Residents suffer from different levels of anxiety during the COVID-19 epidemic, and TCM nursing needs is on the rise, indicating that the anxiety level of residents is correlated with the needs of TCM nursing.
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