万子薇,陈树林.大学生心理优势对生活满意度的影响:自我效能感和应对方式的中介作用[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(3):247-251.
大学生心理优势对生活满意度的影响:自我效能感和应对方式的中介作用
Effect of psychological strength on life satisfaction among university students: mediating roles of general self-efficacy and coping style
投稿时间:2021-03-13  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20210313001
中文关键词:  优势知识  优势使用  生活满意度  一般自我效能感  应对方式
英文关键词:Strength knowledge  Strength use  Life satisfaction  General self-efficacy  Coping style
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
万子薇 浙江大学心理与行为科学系浙江 杭州 310028 310028
陈树林 浙江大学心理与行为科学系浙江 杭州 310028 310028
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨大学生心理优势对生活满意度的影响以及一般自我效能感和应对方式在其中的作用机制。方法 采用电子问卷的形式,随机对浙江省某高校共913名本科生和研究生进行问卷调查。测量工具包括优势知识与使用量表(SKSUS)、压力情境下的应对量表(CISS)、一般自我效能感量表(GSES)以及生活满意度量表(SWLS)。使用Bootstrap方法进行中介作用分析。结果 ①优势知识、优势使用、任务导向应对方式、GSES与SWLS评分均呈正相关(r=0.390、0.522、0.345、0.500,P均<0.01);②优势使用、任务导向应对方式和一般自我效能感在优势知识与生活满意度之间起链式中介作用(各条分路径的间接效应值总和为0.387,占总效应的96.03%);③情绪导向的应对方式在优势知识和优势使用与生活满意度之间起中介作用(该路径间接效应值为0.011,占总效应的2.73%)。结论 优势知识通过优势使用、任务导向应对方式、情绪导向应对方式和一般自我效能感的中介作用,影响大学生的生活满意度。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the effect of psychological strengths on life satisfaction among university students, and to analyze the mediating roles of general self-efficacy and coping style.Methods A random sample of 913 undergraduates and postgraduates from a university in Zhejiang were enrolled, and completed an online questionnaire including Strengths Knowledge and Strength Use Scale (SKSUS), Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Then the mediating effect analysis was conducted using Bootstrapping method.Results ① Strength knowledge, strength use, task-oriented coping style and GSES scores were positively correlated with SWLS score (r=0.390, 0.522, 0.345, 0.500, P<0.01). ② Strength use, task-oriented coping style and general self-efficacy acted as mediators between strength knowledge and life satisfaction (the indirect effect was 0.387, accounting for 96.03% of the total effect). ③ Emotion-oriented coping style acted as mediator between strength knowledge, strength use and life satisfaction (the indirect effect was 0.011, accounting for 2.73% of the total effect).Conclusion Strength knowledge may affect life satisfaction of college students through the mediating effects of strength use, task-oriented coping style, emotion-oriented coping style and general self-efficacy.
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