曾慧梅,占志,郑转芳,杨玲玲,郑莉明,李艳.选修心理学的本科医学生人格特征与家庭环境的关系[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(3):252-256.
选修心理学的本科医学生人格特征与家庭环境的关系
Study on the relationship between personality characteristics and family environment of medical undergraduates taking psychology as an elective course
投稿时间:2020-10-21  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20201021001
中文关键词:  本科医学生  心理学课程  人格特征  家庭环境
英文关键词:Undergraduate medical students  Psychology course  Personality characteristics  Family environment
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
曾慧梅 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
占志 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
郑转芳 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
杨玲玲 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
郑莉明 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
李艳 广东省中医院广东 广州 510120 510120
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解选修心理学的本科医学生人格特征和家庭环境特征及其相关性。方法 于2017年6月通过横断面调查法,以67名选修心理学课程的本科医学生为研究对象,采用明尼苏达多相人格测试(MMPI)和家庭环境量表中文版(FES-CV)进行调查。将MMPI各因子原始分与FES-CV各因子评分进行Pearson相关分析。结果 选修心理学课程的本科医学生MMPI的疑病、抑郁、癔症、心理变态、男性化-女性化、偏执、精神衰弱、精神分裂因子评分均高于全国常模,差异均有统计学意义(t=2.070~8.350,P<0.05或0.01)。FES-CV亲密度、知识性、组织性、成功性因子评分均低于全国常模,矛盾性因子评分高于全国常模,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或0.01)。相关分析显示,FES-CV亲密度与MMPI的校正、疑病、抑郁、癔症因子评分呈负相关(r=-0.410~-0.331,P均<0.01);矛盾性与癔症、精神衰弱因子评分呈正相关(r=0.315、0.415,P均<0.01);娱乐性与疑病因子评分呈负相关(r=-0.367,P<0.01),与精神分裂因子评分呈正相关(r=0.346,P<0.01);控制性与癔症因子评分呈正相关(r=0.366,P<0.01)。结论 选修心理学课程的本科医学生呈神经症型和偏执型人格特征,且人格特征与家庭环境相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the correlation between personality characteristics and family environment of undergraduate medical students taking psychology course.Methods In June 2017, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 67 undergraduate medical students taking psychology course, and all the selected individuals were assessed using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and Family Environment Scale-Chinese Version (FES-CV). Then Pearson correlation analysis was performed between the original scores of MMPI subscales and the scores of FES-CV subscales.Results The scores of hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria, psychopathic deviate, masculine-femininity, paranoia, psychasthenia and schizophrenia in MMPI of undergraduates were all higher than those of the national norm, with statistical differences (t=2.070~8.350, P<0.05 or 0.01). The scores of cohesion, intellectual-cultural orientation, organization and achievement orientation in FES-CV of undergraduates were all lower than those of the national norm, while the scores of conflict tendency was higher than that of the national norm, with statistical differences (P<0.05 or 0.01). Correlation analysis showed that cohesion score in FES-CV was negatively correlated with the scores of correction, hypochondriasis, depression and hysteria in MMPI (r=-0.410~-0.331, P<0.01). Conflict tendency score was positively correlated with the scores of hysteria and psychasthenia (r=0.315, 0.415, P<0.01). Active-recreational orientation score was negatively correlated with hypochondriasis score (r=-0.367, P<0.01) and positively correlated with schizophrenia score (r=0.346, P<0.01). Control score was positively correlated with hysteria score (r=0.366, P<0.01).Conclusion Undergraduate medical students taking psychology courses exhibit neuropathic and paranoid personality characteristics, and the personality characteristics are closely related to family environment.
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