马杰,刘彦呈,周庆华.乐山市驻村扶贫干部心理健康状况与应对方式相关分析[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(3):267-271.
乐山市驻村扶贫干部心理健康状况与应对方式相关分析
Relationship between mental health status and coping styles among village poverty alleviation cadres in Leshan City
投稿时间:2020-08-10  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200810001
中文关键词:  驻村扶贫干部  心理健康  自责因子  应对方式  相关分析
英文关键词:Village poverty alleviation cadres  Mental health  Self-blame factor  Coping style  Correlation analysis
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
马杰 乐山市精神卫生中心四川 乐山 614000 614000
刘彦呈 乐山市精神卫生中心四川 乐山 614000 614000
周庆华 乐山市精神卫生中心四川 乐山 614000 614000
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析乐山市驻村扶贫干部心理健康状况及其与应对方式的关系,为改善驻村扶贫干部的心理健康状况和处理问题的方式提供参考。方法 采用整群随机抽样法抽取乐山市11个区县中的6个,并对6个区县共700名驻村扶贫干部进行问卷测评。采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)和应对方式问卷(CSQ)评定其心理健康状况和应对方式。结果 ①共207名(35.9%)驻村扶贫干部SCL-90因子评分≥2分,92名(15.9%)驻村扶贫干部SCL-90总评分≥200分;②不同扶贫时间的驻村扶贫干部SCL-90强迫症状因子评分和其他因子评分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或0.01),不同性别组SCL-90强迫因子评分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);③不同性别组、不同年龄组CSQ的解决问题因子评分差异均有统计学意义(P均<0.01);④相关分析显示,乐山市驻村扶贫干部SCL-90各因子评分及总评分与CSQ自责因子评分均呈正相关(r=0.423~0.521,P均<0.01)。结论 女性、扶贫时间在90天以下或360天以上的驻村扶贫干部出现强迫症状风险更高,男性、年龄在41岁以上的驻村扶贫干部解决问题的方式更成熟。驻村扶贫干部采用不成熟型的应对方式去处理问题,更容易出现其心理健康问题。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the relationship between mental health status and coping styles among village poverty alleviation cadres in Leshan City, and to provide references for the improvement of mental health and coping styles of them.Methods A cluster random sampling method was used to select 6 of the 11 districts and counties in Leshan City, and all the village poverty alleviation cadres in the selected areas were evaluated through the psychological cloud CT system. A total of 700 cadres participated in the questionnaire evaluation, and were assessed using Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ).Results ①A total of 207 (35.9%) village poverty alleviation cadres factor scored above 2, and 92 (15.9%) cadres scored above 200. ②There was a statistically significant difference in SCL-90 obsessive-compulsive symptom factor score and other factor score between different poverty alleviation time groups (P<0.05 or 0.01), and the factor score of SCL-90 obsessive-compulsive symptom showed significant difference among village poverty-alleviation cadres of different genders (P<0.05). ③The scores of problem-solving factor in CSQ showed significant differences among village poverty alleviation cadres of different genders and different ages (P<0.01). ④Correlation analysis showed that the scores of each dimension and total score of SCL-90 of village poverty alleviation cadres in Leshan City were positively correlated with the score of self-blame factor in CSQ (r=0.423~0.521, P<0.01).Conclusion The village poverty alleviation cadres of female and with a working length of less than 90 days or more than 360 days are at high risk of obsessive-compulsive symptoms, while the cadres of male and aged over 41 years adopt mature coping styles. Furthermore, the immature coping style of cadres will lead to serious mental health problems.
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