胡纯严,胡良平.如何正确运用χ2检验——高维表资料危险率差分析与SAS实现[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(4):308-313.
如何正确运用χ2检验——高维表资料危险率差分析与SAS实现
How to use χ2 test correctly——the analysis of a common risk difference for the data of a multiway table and the implementation of SAS software
投稿时间:2021-07-19  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20210719001
中文关键词:  共同危险率差  置信区间  假设检验  标准正态分布
英文关键词:Common risk rate difference  Confidence interval  Hypothesis test  Standard normal distribution
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
胡纯严 军事科学院研究生院北京 100850 100850
胡良平 军事科学院研究生院北京 100850
世界中医药学会联合会临床科研统计学专业委员会北京 100029 
100029
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中文摘要:
      本文目的是介绍g×2×2表资料的危险率差分析方法和基于SAS软件实现计算的方法。需要完成的任务包括以下两项:其一,共同危险率差的点估计及其置信区间估计;其二,检验“共同危险率差是否等于0”。其中,实现前述第一项任务的方法共有6种;实现第二项任务的方法共有3种。本文基于SAS软件和一个实例,分别实现了共同危险率差的点估计、置信区间估计和假设检验,并对SAS输出结果进行了解释,做出统计结论和专业结论。
英文摘要:
      The purpose of this article was to introduce the risk rate difference analysis method of the g×2×2 table data and the calculation method based on the SAS software. The tasks that needed to be completed included the following two terms: first, the point estimation of the common risk rate difference and its confidence interval estimation; second, the test "whether the common risk rate difference was equal to 0". Among them, there were a total of 6 approaches for achieving the aforementioned first task; and three approaches for achieving the aforementioned second task. Based on the SAS software and an example, the article realized the point estimation, the confidence interval estimation and the hypothesis test of the common risk rate difference, respectively. Next, the SAS output results were explained and the statistical and professional conclusions were made.
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