毛莉,丁阳阳,曹昆明,李正发.护士职业承诺与职业倦怠的现状及相关性[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(4):358-362.
护士职业承诺与职业倦怠的现状及相关性
Current status and correlation analysis of occupational commitment and job burnout in nurses
投稿时间:2021-03-06  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20210306001
中文关键词:  护士  职业承诺  职业倦怠
英文关键词:Nurse  Occupational commitment  Job burnout
基金项目:四川省卫生和计划生育委员会科研课题(项目名称:护士职业承诺对职业倦怠与工作要求关系的调节作用研究,项目编号:17PJ307)
作者单位邮编
毛莉 四川省南充精神卫生中心四川 南充 637000 637000
丁阳阳 四川省南充精神卫生中心四川 南充 637000 637000
曹昆明 四川省南充精神卫生中心四川 南充 637000 637000
李正发 四川省南充精神卫生中心四川 南充 637000 637000
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨护士职业承诺与职业倦怠的现状及两者的相关性。方法 采用职业承诺问卷和职业倦怠调查普适量表(MBI-GS)对南充市4所医院的695名护士进行问卷调查,比较不同人口学资料的护士职业承诺和职业倦怠水平,并采用Pearson相关分析法探讨两者的相关性。结果 护士职业承诺问卷与MBI-GS总评分分别为(78.38±12.33)分和(37.05±9.61)分;不同医院、科室、工作年限、性别的护士职业承诺总评分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或0.01);不同医院、科室、年龄、职称、工作年限、受教育程度、婚姻状况的护士MBI-GS总评分差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或0.01);相关分析显示,MBI-GS总评分及各维度评分与职业承诺总评分、情感承诺、规范承诺、经济成本承诺维度评分均呈负相关(r=-0.517~-0.075,P<0.05或0.01),职业承诺问卷中,情感代价承诺维度评分与MBI-GS总评分、职业效能及去个性化维度评分均呈负相关(r=-0.172~-0.098,P均<0.01),机会承诺维度评分与MBI-GS职业效能维度评分呈正相关(r=0.106,P<0.01),与情绪耗竭和去个性化维度评分均呈负相关(r=-0.156、-0.123,P均<0.01)。结论 所在医院、科室、工作年限是影响护士职业承诺与职业倦怠水平的共同因素;而女性的职业承诺水平高于男性,未婚者的职业倦怠水平高于已婚者。护士职业倦怠程度与职业承诺水平呈负相关。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the current status and correlation of occupational commitment and job burnout in nurses.Methods Occupational commitment scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory General Survey (MBI-GS) were used to survey 695 nurses in 4 hospitals in Nanchong, and the assessment results were compared among nurses with different demographic characteristics, thereafter, Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to discuss the correlation between occupational commitment and job burnout in nurses.Results The total scores of occupational commitment scale and MBI-GS of nurses were (78.38±12.33) and (37.05±9.61), respectively. The total occupational commitment scale score showed significant differences among nurses of different hospitals, departments, working years and genders (P<0.05 or 0.01), and the total MBI-GS score showed statistical differences among nurses of different hospitals, departments, ages, professional titles, working years, educational level and marital status (P<0.05 or 0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total score and each dimension score of MBI-GS were negatively correlated with the total score of occupational commitment scale, as well as the scores of affective commitment, normative commitment and economic cost commitment (r=-0.517~-0.075,P<0.05 or 0.01). The emotional cost commitment score was negatively correlated with the the total MBI-GS score, along with the scores in professional efficacy and depersonalization dimensions (r=-0.172~-0.098, P<0.01). The score of opportunity commitment was positively correlated with the score of professional efficacy (r=0.106, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with the score of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization (r=-0.156, -0.123, P<0.01).Conclusion The hospital, department and working years of the nurses are the common factors influencing occupational commitment and job burnout. The occupational commitment is higher in female nurses than that in male nurses, and the job burnout is more severe in the unmarried than that in the married, moreover, the job burnout of the nurses is negatively correlated with occupational commitment.
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