王海燕,唐春光,符丽萍,陈坤.家庭暴力对青少年饮酒和攻击行为的影响:链式中介效应分析[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2021,(4):363-367.
家庭暴力对青少年饮酒和攻击行为的影响:链式中介效应分析
Influence of domestic violence on drinking and aggressive behaviors among adolescents: an analysis of chain mediating effect
投稿时间:2021-05-30  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20210530003
中文关键词:  青少年  链式中介效应  饮酒  攻击行为  家庭暴力  心理需求  道德推脱
英文关键词:Adolescents  Chain mediating effect  Drinking behaviors  Aggressive behaviors  Domestic violence  Psychological needs  Moral disengagement
基金项目:
作者单位邮编
王海燕 达州市民康医院四川 达州 635000 635000
唐春光 达州市民康医院四川 达州 635000 635000
符丽萍 达州市民康医院四川 达州 635000 635000
陈坤 达州市民康医院四川 达州 635000 635000
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨家庭暴力对青少年饮酒及攻击行为的影响,并分析心理需求和道德推脱的中介作用。方法 采用整群分层随机抽样法选择达州市2所初中和2所高中的1 280名学生为研究对象,使用儿童期创伤问卷(CTQ-SF)、基本心理需要问卷(BPNS)、道德推脱问卷(MDS)和青少年健康相关危险行为问卷(AHRBI)进行调查。通过链式中介效应分析家庭暴力与青少年饮酒及攻击行为的关系以及心理需求和道德推脱的中介作用。结果 CTQ-SF与BPNS评分呈负相关(r=-0.160,P=0.012),与MDS和AHRBI评分均呈正相关(r=0.330、0.250,P均<0.01);BPNS与MDS和AHRBI评分均呈负相关(r=-0.220、-0.270,P均<0.01);MDS与AHRBI评分呈正相关(r=0.420,P<0.01)。家庭暴力对饮酒及攻击行为的直接效应值为0.041(P>0.05),家庭暴力对心理需求、家庭暴力对道德推脱、心理需求对道德推脱、心理需求对饮酒及攻击行为、道德推脱对饮酒及攻击行为的效应值分别为-0.468、0.536、-0.241、-0.412、0.094(P均<0.05),家庭暴力对心理需求至道德推脱对饮酒及攻击行为总效应值为0.295(P<0.05)。结论 心理需求和道德推脱在家庭暴力与饮酒及攻击行为之间发挥中介效应。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the influence of domestic violence on drinking and aggressive behaviors of adolescent, and to analyze the mediating role of psychological needs and moral disengagement.Methods A cluster stratified random sampling method was adopted to select 1 280 students from 2 junior high schools and 2 high schools in Dazhou City, and all the enrolled students were assessed using Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), Basic Psychological Needs Scale (BPNS), Moral Disengagement Scale (MDS) and Adolescent Health related Risky Behavior Inventory (AHRBI). Then the relationship of domestic violence with drinking and aggressive behaviors, along with the mediating roles of psychological needs and moral disengagement were discussed through the chain mediating effect analysis.Results CTQ-SF score was negatively correlated with BPNS score (r=-0.160, P=0.012), and positively correlated with MDS and AHRBI scores (r=0.330, 0.250, P<0.01). BPNS score was negatively correlated with MDS and AHRBI scores (r=-0.220, -0.270, P<0.01). MDS score was positively correlated with AHRBI score (r=0.420, P<0.01). The direct mediation value of domestic violence to drinking and aggressive behaviors was 0.041 (P>0.05), the mediation effect values of domestic violence to psychological needs, domestic violence to moral disengagement, psychological needs to moral disengagement, psychological needs to drinking and aggressive behaviors, and moral disengagement to drinking and aggression behaviors were -0.468, 0.536, -0.241, -0.412 and 0.094, respectively (P<0.05). The total mediation effect value of domestic violence to psychological needs to moral disengagement to drinking and aggressive behaviors was 0.295 (P<0.05).Conclusion Psychological needs and moral disengagement mediate the influence of domestic violence on adolescent drinking and aggressive behaviors.
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