新冠肺炎疫情下失眠居民心理特征及失眠的相关因素分析
Investigation on the psychological characteristics and related factors of the insomnia public in the epidemic of COVID-19
投稿时间:2020-05-22  修订日期:2020-07-30
DOI:
中文关键词:  新型冠状病毒肺炎  失眠  心理特征  相关因素
英文关键词:COVID-19  Insomnia  Psychological characteristics  Related factors
基金项目:广西壮族自治区临床重点专科建设项目(桂卫医发〔2018〕6号)
作者单位E-mail
张玲 南宁市第五人民医院 zhangling.gxlz@163.com 
宋妍 南宁市第五人民医院  
陆昶谋 南宁市第五人民医院  
鄢利福 南宁市第五人民医院  
何梅 南宁市第五人民医院  
蒋春雷 南宁市第五人民医院  
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中文摘要:
      【摘要】 目的 调查新冠肺炎疫情下失眠居民的心理特征及失眠的相关因素,为改善失眠居民心理健康状况提供参考。方法 采用阿森斯失眠量表(AIS)于2020年1月-3月对某市396名居民进行测评,将AIS评分>6分者纳入失眠组,AIS评分<4分者纳入非失眠组,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)评定其心理状况,并收集两组社会人口学数据。结果 失眠居民SCL-90躯体化、人际关系敏感、敌对、恐怖及精神病性因子评分均高于非失眠者(Z=2.035?2.323,P<0.05)。Spearman相关分析显示,失眠居民AIS总评分与SCL-90强迫症状(r=0.153,P<0.05)、人际关系敏感(r=0.140,P<0.05)及偏执因子评分(r=0.159,P<0.05)均呈正相关。结论 新冠疫情下失眠居民存在躯体化、人际关系敏感、敌对、恐怖及精神病性等心理问题,其失眠的严重程度与强迫、人际关系敏感及偏执等心理问题相关。
英文摘要:
      【Abstract】 Objective To investigate the psychological characteristics and related factors of the insomnia public in the epidemic of COVID-19, so as to provide references for improving their mental health status. Methods 396 public living in a city from January 2020 to March 2020 were assessed with Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) to measure sleep quality. The public with AIS score>6 were included in the insomnia group and those with AIS score<4 were included in the non-insomnia group. The psychological characteristics were assessed by symptom checklist 90(SCL-90), and the social demographic data of the two groups were collected. Results Insomnia public in the epidemic of COVID-19 exhibited a significantly increased in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, photic anxiety and psychoticism(Z=2.035?2.323, p<0.05). The total score of AIS in public with sleep disorder was positively correlated with SCL-90 obsessive-compulsive (r=0.153, P<0.05), interpersonal sensitivity (r=0.140, P<0.05) and paranoid ideation (r = 0.159, P<0.05). Conclusion Insomnia public in the epidemic of COVID-19 have many negative psychological problems such as somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, photic anxiety and psychoticism. Negative psychological problems such as obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity and paranoid ideation are related to the severity of insomnia.
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