新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间一线医护人员的心理健康状况调查研究
Investigation on mental health status of front-line medical staff during the epidemic period of COVID-19
投稿时间:2022-05-29  修订日期:2022-09-28
DOI:
中文关键词:  新型冠状病毒肺炎  医护人员  焦虑  抑郁
英文关键词:COVID-19  Medical staff  Anxiety  Depression
基金项目:新冠肺炎防控技术研究项目(项目编号:2020-XG-62)
作者单位地址
朱菊红 兰州大学第二医院 甘肃省兰州市萃英门82号
杨斌 兰州大学第二医院 甘肃省兰州市萃英门82号
范阿娇 兰州大学第二医院 
马秀云 兰州大学第二医院 
董强利 兰州大学第二医院 
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中文摘要:
      【摘要】 目的 调查新型冠状病毒肺炎(COVID-19)疫情期间抗疫一线医护人员的心理健康状况,为对医护人员进行心理干预提供参考。方法 以2021年10月-12月在甘肃省兰州市重粒子医院工作的162名一线医护人员为研究对象。采用自编一般资料调查表、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)进行评定。结果 抗疫一线医护人员焦SAS评分高于国内常模(P<0.01)。检出存在焦虑症状者17人(11.81%)、存在抑郁症状者19人(13.19%)。不同抗疫工作时长的医护人员焦虑检出率差异有统计学意义(χ2=10.602,P<0.01)。不同职业、是否有抑郁家族史以及不同抗疫工作时长的医护人员抑郁检出率差异有统计学意义(χ2=5.486、4.039、7.526,P均<0.05)。结论 COVID-19疫情期间,一线医护人员存在不同程度的焦虑和抑郁情绪,抗疫工作时间长者焦虑的检出率高,医生、有抑郁家族史者以及抗疫工作时间长者抑郁的检出率高。
英文摘要:
      【Abstract】 Objective To investigate the psychological status of the first-line medical staff during the epidemic of COVID-19, and to provide theoretical basis for the psychologica intervention of medical staff. Methods 162 front-line medical staff working in Lanzhou heavy particle hospital in Gansu Province were taken as the research objects. The self-designed general condition questionnaire, the self rating anxiety scale (SAS) and the self rating depression scale (SDS) were used for evaluation. Results The SAS score of the first-line medical staff was higher than that of the domestic norm (P < 0.01). Among the first-line medical staff, 17 (11.81%) had anxiety symptoms and 19 (13.19%) had depression symptoms. There was significant difference in the detection rate of anxiety among medical staff with different anti epidemic working hours(χ2=10.602,P<0.01)。There were statistically significant differences in the detection rate of depression among medical staff with different occupations, family history of depression and different anti epidemic working hours(χ2=5.486、4.039、7.526,P均<0.05). Conclusion There are different degrees of anxiety and depression among the first-line medical staff in Gansu Province during the epidemic period of COVID-19, The detection rate of anxiety was high among those who worked long for anti-epidemic period, and the detection rate of depression was high among doctors, those who had a family history of depression and those who worked long for anti-epidemic period.
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