鲁华鹏,米白冰,马梅,董芳芳,田波彦,杨勤玲,吕毅,辛霞,郑雪梅.新冠肺炎疫情期间农民工焦虑与抑郁状况[J].四川精神卫生杂志,2020,(5):403-407.
新冠肺炎疫情期间农民工焦虑与抑郁状况
Investigation on the anxiety and depression of peasant workers during the COVID-19 epidemic
投稿时间:2020-05-26  
DOI:10.11886/scjsws20200526001
中文关键词:  新冠肺炎  农民工  焦虑  抑郁
英文关键词:COVID-19  Peasant workers  Anxiety  Depression
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费(项目名称:新冠肺炎本地社区传播关键风险点早期识别与阻断关键技术研究;项目编号:xzy032020033);西安市科技局科研项目(项目名称:新型冠状病毒肺炎跨省跨区域传播规律及防控措施效果评价-以陕西省和西安市为例;项目编号:20200005YX005)
作者单位邮编
鲁华鹏 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
米白冰 西安交通大学陕西 西安 710061 710061
马梅 咸阳市中心医院陕西 咸阳 712000 712000
董芳芳 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
田波彦 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
杨勤玲 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
吕毅 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
辛霞 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
郑雪梅 西安交通大学第一附属医院陕西 西安 710061 710061
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中文摘要:
      目的 调查新冠肺炎(COVID-19)疫情期间农民工焦虑、抑郁状况及其影响因素,为公共卫生事件中农民工心理问题防治提供参考。方法 采用方便抽样法,选择陕西省汉中地区某镇110名农民工为调查对象。采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)通过电子版问卷调查农民工群体的焦虑抑郁情况。结果 COVID-19疫情期间,农民工SAS和SDS总评分分别为(44.25±8.77)分、(47.50±10.55)分。焦虑与抑郁症状检出率分别为19.09%、25.45%。焦虑危险因素:未婚(β=-4.152,95% CI:-6.199~-3.352,P<0.01)、月收入低(β=-1.740,95% CI:-2.301~-1.442,P<0.01)、女性(β=5.022,95% CI:3.612~6.256,P=0.034)、低年龄(β=-2.792,95% CI:-3.551~-2.105,P=0.002)、受教育程度初中组SAS总评分低于小学及以下(β=-4.225,95% CI:-2.056~-5.261,P=0.024),高中组SAS总评分低于小学及以下组(β=-4.612,95% CI:-2.275~5.035,P=0.021)。抑郁危险因素:月收入低(β=-5.406,95% CI:-6.292~-4.520,P<0.01)、女性(β=12.518,95% CI:9.916~15.121,P=0.001)、未开始上班(β=6.192,95% CI:3.695~8.688,P=0.042)、低年龄(β=-3.208,95% CI:-4.324~-2.092,P=0.009)。结论 疫情期间农民工焦虑与抑郁水平较高,农民工焦虑危险因素有未婚、月收入低、女性、低年龄、低受教育程度,抑郁危险因素有月收入低、女性、未开始上班、低年龄。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the psychological status of anxiety and depression of peasant workers and their influencing factors during the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), so as to provide references for the prevention and treatment of psychological problems of peasant workers in public health events.Methods Using the convenient sampling method, peasant workers from a town in Hanzhong region of Shaanxi Province were chosen as the research object. Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to investigate the anxiety and depression of peasant workers in the form of electronic questionnaire.Results The scores of SAS and SDS were (44.25±8.77) and (47.50±10.55) during the COVID-19 epidemic. The detection rates of anxiety and depression were 19.09% and 25.45%, respectively. The risk factors of anxiety in peasant workers were unmarried (β=-4.152, 95% CI: -6.199~-3.352, P<0.01), low monthly income (β=-1.740, 95% CI: -2.301~-1.442, P<0.01), female (β=5.022, 95% CI: 3.612~6.256, P=0.034), low age (β=-2.792, 95% CI: -3.551~-2.105, P=0.002). The total score of SAS in junior high school group was lower than primary school and illiteracy group (β=-4.225, 95% CI: -2.056~-5.261, P=0.024), senior high school group was lower than primary school and illiteracy group (β=-4.612, 95% CI: -2.275-5.035, P=0.021). The risk factors of depression in peasant workers were low monthly income (β=-5.406, 95% CI: -6.292, -4.520, P<0.01), female (β=12.518, 95% CI: 9.916~15.121, P=0.001), not starting work (β=6.192, 95% CI: 3.695~8.688, P=0.042), low age (β=-3.208, 95% CI: -4.324~-2.092, P=0.009).Conclusion During the epidemic period, the level of anxiety and depression of peasant workers was high. The risk factors of anxiety of migrant workers were unmarried, low monthly income, female, low age and low education level, the risk factors for depression were low monthly income, female, not starting work and low age.
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